Adam Smith:
Wealth of Nations
Adam Smith

APPENDIX

The two following accounts are subjoined in order to illustrate and confirm what is said in the fifth chapter of the fourth book, concerning the tonnage bounty to the white-herring fishery. The reader, I believe, may depend upon the accuracy of both accounts.

An account of Busses fitted out in Scotland for Eleven Years, with the Number of Empty Barrels carried out, and the Number of Barrels of Herrings caught; also the Bounty at a Medium on each Barrel of Seasteeks, and on each Barrel when fully packed.

Years

Number of Busses

Empty Barrels carried out

Barrels of Herrings caught

Bounty paid on the Busses

.

.

.

.

.

s.

d.

1771

29

5948

2832

2085

0

0

1772

168

41316

22237

11055

7

6

1773

190

42333

42055

12510

8

6

1774

248

59303

56365

16952

2

6

1775

275

69144

52879

19315

15

0

1776

294

76329

51863

21290

7

6

1777

240

62679

43313

17592

2

6

1778

220

56390

40958

16316

2

6

1779

206

55194

29367

15287

0

0

1780

181

48315

19885

13445

12

6

1781

135

33992

16593

9613

12

6

Total

2186

550943

378347

155463

11

0

Seasteeks

378,347

Bounty at a medium for each barrel of seasteeks 0 8 2 1/4 But a barrel of seasteeks being only reckoned two-thirds of a barrel fully packed, one-third is deducted, which brings the bounty to 0 12 3 3/4

1/3 deducted

126,115 2/3

Barrels fully packed

252,231 1/3

And if the herrings are exported, there is, besides, a premium of

0 2 8

So that the bounty paid by Government in money for each barrel is

0 14 11 3/4

But if to this the duty of the salt usually taken credit for as expended in curing each barrel, which at a medium is of foreign, one bushel and one-fourth of a bushel, at 10s. a bushel, be added, viz.

0 12 6

The bounty on each barrel would amount to

1 7 5 3/4

If the herrings are cured with British salt, it will stand thus, viz.

Bounty as before

0 14 11 3/4

But if to this bounty the duty on two bushels of Scots salt at 1s. 6d. per bushel, supposed to be the quantity at a medium used in curing each barrel is added, to wit

0 3 0

The bounty on each barrel will amount to

0 17 11 3/4

And,

When buss herrings are entered for home consumption in Scotland, and pay the shilling a barrel of duty, the bounty stands thus, to wit as before

0 12 3 3/4

From which the 1s. a barrel is to be deducted

0 1 0

.

0 11 3 3/4

But to that there is to be added again the duty of the foreign salt used in curing a barrel of herrings, viz.

0 12 6

So that the premium allowed for each barrel of herring entered for home consumption is

1 3 9 3/4

If the herrings are cured with British salt, it will stand as follows, viz.

Bounty on each barrel brought in by the busses as above

0 12 3 3/4

From which deduct the 1s. a barrel paid at the time they are entered for home consumption

0 1 0

.

0 11 3 3/4

But if to the bounty the duty on two bushels of Scots salt at 1s. 6d. per bushel, supposed to be the quantity at a medium used in curing each barrel, is added, to wit

0 3 0

The premium for each barrel entered for home consumption will be

0 14 3 3/4

Though the loss of duties upon herrings exported cannot, perhaps properly be considered as bounty; that upon herrings entered for home consumption certainly may.

An Account of the Quantity of Foreign Salt imported in Scotland, and of Scots Salt delivered Duty free from the Works there for the Fishery, from the 5th of April 1771 to the 5th of April 1782, with a Medium of both for one Year.

Period

Foreign Salt Imported, Bushels

Scots Salt delivered from the Works, Bushels

From the 5th of April 1771 to the 5th of April 1782

936,974

168,226

Medium for one Year

85,179 5/11

15,293 3/11

It is to be observed that the Bushel of Foreign Salt weights 84 lb., that of British Salt 56 lb. only.